History quiz answers are below the timeline.


LAI History Quiz #3

38 Land Economics Weekends have been held since the first one in Baltimore in 2000. How many have been in locations outside the 50 United States?

Single locations are Ottawa (2006), Ireland (2007), Scotland (2011), Madrid (2014), and Puerto Rico (2019). 

Toronto hosted in 2008 and 2016. 

Vancouver hosted in 2002, 2009, and 2017.


LAI History Quiz #2

For who or what was the Toronto Chapter named?

John Graves Simcoe (1752 – 1806) ,  a British Army general who rose to prominence during the American Revolutionary War.  

Following his marriage to heiress Elizabeth Gwillim, author and illustrator, he was appointed the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada in southern Ontario serving from 1791 to 1798. He founded York (now Toronto) as the colony’s capital and was instrumental in introducing institutions such as courts of law, trial by jury, English common law, and freehold land tenure. 

Simcoe began the policy of granting land to American settlers, confident that they would become loyal members of the colony, and aware that they were the main hope for rapid economic growth. He thought their loyalty could be attained with a solid land-granting system. 

He commissioned the survey and construction of two military roads a north/south road named Yonge Street (after Sir George Yonge, secretary of war in the British Cabinet and a family friend) and an east/west road Dundas Street (after Simcoe's personal friend, Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville and British Colonial Secretary).

Most notably, under Simcoe’s leadership the Upper Canada legislature passed the Act Against Slavery on 9 July 1793, aimed at prohibiting the sale of slaves by Canadians to Americans. 

The act also liberated slaves entering Upper Canada from the USA (thus providing an impetus for the Underground Railway).  The act did not free existing adult slaves already in residence; but did provide that children born and raised slavery would be granted freedom at age 25. 

The Upper Canada legislation to gradually phase out slavery came 40 years before the Slavery Abolition Act passed by the British Parliament.

John Graves Simcoe is commemorated in Ontario with Simcoe Day -- a statutory holiday each year on the first Monday of August.

For more intriguing LAI history, click for the LAI Timeline above .

LAI History Quiz #1


1972 George Washington - Washington DC Chapter

Three women were initiated by the George Washington Chapter in 1972, becoming the first women to join LAI. 

Photo taken by Bradford Bachrach, is from the M-NCPCC Archive and shows Ms. Caroline Freeland being sworn into office.

Three women were initiated by the George Washington Chapter in 1972, becoming the first women to join LAI.

Caroline R. Freeland was "Recognized for service as long-term citizen-executive member of public planning bodies and her outstanding contributions in the field of public planning, as well as park and community development." 

Ms. Freeland was the first female Chair of the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission (M-NCPPC), serving from 1963-1971. Caroline Freeman Urban Park in Bethesda MD is named in her honor. Photo above, taken by Bradford Bachrach, is from the M-NCPPC archive.

Catherine E. Martini was "Honored for her long-term and outstanding services to the real estate and land economics fields through research, analysis, writings and administrative work." 

Catherine Martini was the Director of Economics and Research for the National Association of Realtors. She was a prominent, often-quoted spokesperson for the Association until she retired in 1974 after 21 years. Previously she was a research fellow at Johns Hopkins Institute of Law. During World War II, Ms. Martini was an administrator and planner for communities in war production centers.

Marilyn Pray was "Recognized especially for her innovations in formulating and applying new approaches to land use guidance systems, as well as authoring many published articles on the relationships between land economics and physical planning." 

Marilyn Madden Pray (1926-1991) was the Director of Program Planning and Economic Development for Prince George’s County MD. Previous positions include Division Chief with Maryland National Capital Parks and Planning Commission and planner for the California cities of Richmond and Freemont. She graduated magna cum laude from the University of California Berkley and earned a master’s degree in city and regional planning from the same institution. 

For more intriguing LAI history, click for the LAI Timeline above .

LAI Celebrates 90 Years

Lambda Alpha International was established as a professional fraternity at Northwestern University in 1930. The inspiration for the fraternity was Professor Richard T. Ely (1854-1943), a prominent progressive economist who is known as the Father of Land Economics.  
LAI moved beyond its fraternal structure to become an honorary land economics society in the broader Chicago real estate community through Ely Chapter.  

As certain members of LAI moved from Chicago, they helped to establish new chapters, the first being the New York Chapter (1949).  The Los Angeles Chapter (1955), George Washington Chapter (Washington DC, 1957) and Golden Gate Chapter (San Francisco, 1964) followed. 

The founding of the Simcoe Chapter (Toronto, 1964) marked the beginning of LAI’s international growth. Today, LAI operates through a network of 29 chapters in Canada, India, Spain, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The tradition of “winnowing and sifting” of ideas has remained the hallmark of LAI through the 90 years since its founding. 

LAI 90th Anniversary Logos

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